Key success factors of a well managed sustainability program


The success of managing a successful sustainability program is a mix of why you do it, how you do it and eventually what you do.

sustainability program

Driving a sustainable business is becoming one of the top priorities. These past few years we have seen companies like Barco, Proximus, Colruyt Group, JBC, TUI, Nestlé, Unilever & Philips step up their efforts. However, few organisations succeed in getting business value out of their sustainability program (only 2% of programs meet or exceed expectations, Source: Bain, 2017, “How to get breakthrough sustainability programs?”). In what follows four key success factors of a well-managed sustainability program are listed.


'WHY' implementing a sustainability program

Sinek states that every business knows what it does and how it does it, but most don’t understand or articulate why they do it. WHY is not about making money, that is a result. WHY is a purpose, cause, a belief It is the very reason your organisation exists.

As it is the case for each successful change initiative, you should clarify WHY you wish to set up and implement a sustainability program. Organisations, and especially sustainability managers, already know it’s important to link sustainability to the business strategy, the strategic position, or even key strategic initiatives.

This, however, is not enough. Sustainability leaders clearly find a sweet spot by linking sustainability (be it environmental or social stewardship) to WHY they exist as a company (their purpose, their mission) and WHY they will still exist in the coming years.


Building up to business outcomes has to do with the 'HOW'

Sustainability executives are not getting value out of sustainability programs because sustainability is commonly treated as a topic ‘next to the business’ – a must-do. A sustainability program has all the need for a solid program management approach like any other business-related and culturally dependent topic (e.g. innovation or operational excellence).


The 4 key success factors for a successful sustainability program

Möbius benchmark


  1. A clear sustainability strategy: Focused on a limited number of highly material topics which are relevant to your stakeholders and can have an impact on the long-term success of your organisation.

  2. Translating the sustainability strategy into key targets both on a strategic level and towards day-to-day operations (performance cascade), developed as stretch targets in the long term. Communicate the key targets publicly as a commitment to the stakeholder community.

  3. Driven by senior leadership and middle management: translate the strategy and key targets into a roadmap, consisting of a limited number of breakthrough initiatives to build results and a myriad of smaller initiatives to build cultural change.

  4. The purpose and return on investment of the sustainability program are identified and clearly understood within the organisation.

Additionally, it is highly relevant to build a strong network of well-suited partners around the identified sustainability issues/challenges/targets. Typical sustainability issues nowadays can include ‘closing the digital divide’ or ‘tackling the education gap’. Lots of these challenges require a systemic approach which cannot be handled by one player alone.


The 'WHAT': a limited number of key topics to focus on in your sustainability program

It is important to focus on a limited number of topics that are relevant to both your stakeholder community and the success of your company (in line with the WHY of your company). Typically, the sustainability issues to focus on are largely dependent upon the sector, environment, and geographical location your organisation operates in. Different sectors are struggling with totally different sustainability topics.

The good thing about sustainability is that company information, performance benchmarks, and other reports are widely available. McKinsey Global Sustainability Benchmark, Sustainability accounting standards board, Carbon disclosure project… all publish very relevant, yearly updated material on “material topics” for various organisations in different sectors.

Performing a materiality assessment and reporting on it though, is not the same as pinpointing the key sustainability focus domains for your organisation. Here are 2 takeaways:

  • A sustainability program should be driven by the focus on business-critical issues and the ability to change on the fly when new information becomes available. GDPR popped up in the top 3 sustainability issues for a myriad of organisations out of nowhere. The key here is to link sustainability issues to the strategic agenda of senior management, to think about sustainability in terms of horizons (what should I focus on the coming year, the coming 5 years, and the coming 10 years) and to allocate resources across topics.

  • An organisation thrives by the welfare of 2 crucially important stakeholder groups: the customers that believe in you and the employees that serve them. Getting into a (why not continuous instead of 2-yearly) dialogue with these groups keeps you current on what slumbers. Putting customers and employees higher on the sustainability agenda helps to build customer and employee engagement and builds the relationship with the way the organisation operates, instead of only relying on the product or service performance.